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Linguistic duality: English and French in Canadian society

Canada's linguistic duality is reflected in the fact that 98% of its population reported that it was able to conduct a conversation in either English or French. Similarly, either English or French are spoken at least on a regular basis at home in Canada by 94% of the population. These two languages are used most often at home by 89% of the population.

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Increasing share of children aged 14 and under living with common-law parents

Of the 5,587,165 individuals aged 14 and under in Canada who lived in private households in 2011, 99.2% were children in census families who lived with married, common-law or lone parents. The remaining 0.8% of children in this age group lived with other relatives or non-relatives. The share of children aged 14 and under who lived with married parents, while still highest, fell from 68.4% in 2001 to 63.6% in 2011.

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Slower population growth in all Ontario census metropolitan areas except Toronto, Ottawa Gatineau, Kingston and Brantford

All CMAs in Ontario saw their population grow more slowly between 2006 and 2011, except Toronto, Ottawa - Gatineau, Kingston and Brantford. For example, the growth of Barrie, which led the way from 1996 to 2001 (+25.1%) and from 2001 to 2006 (+19.2%), fell to 5.6% between 2006 and 2011, a level slightly below the national average of 5.9%.

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National Household Survey (NHS)

Featured place

Penetanguishene, Ontario

2011 Census Profile (selected characteristics) - Penetanguishene, Ontario
Place type Town
Population in 2011 9,111
Population in 2006 9,354
Percent change, 2006 to 2011 -2.6
Median age 47.3
Percent aged 15 and over 86.1
Population density (sq. km) 356.4
Land area (sq. km) 25.57
Number of private households 3,610
Avg. number of persons in private households 2.3

Featured video

Video: Families, households and marital status data, 2011 Census

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